What is cesium-137? How dangerous is it?

Health News

22 Mar 2023

What is cesium-137? How dangerous is it?  

      Cesium-137 (Cs-137) is a radioactive element that decays by emitting beta and gamma radiation. have a solid appearance salt-like state It can be easily dispersed and contaminated if it is broken from the encapsulated capsule. Persons exposed to cesium-137 powder, may be ingested through wounded skin, inhalation, or consumption of contaminated food. When cesium-137 enters the body, it accumulates in the soft tissues of various organs and radiates to these organs. As a result, there is a risk of cancer of the organs where cesium-137 accumulates


Benefits of cesium-137

  • Moisture and density meter used in the construction industry
  • Level meters to measure liquid flow in pipes and tanks.
  • Thickness gauge for measuring the thickness of sheet metal, paper, film, etc.
  • Earth probe in the drilling industry to help characterize the different rock layers

Radiation hazards of radioactive material cesium-137 

      Short exposure time  Will not result in any immediate visible harm, in some cases may begin to cause redness on the skin, hair loss and eczema.

      Long exposure and high dose  Possible lung fibrosis, leukemia, cataracts, convulsions and death.

Symptoms that may occur after exposure to radiation

  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain, loose stools
  • Fatigue, dehydration
  • The skin in the area exposed to radiation becomes inflamed, red, burns, peels off, causes a wound, and necrosis.
  • hair loss, mouth decay
  • Symptoms from bone marrow being pressed causing fever and complications bleeding easily
  • Drowsiness, confusion, seizures, coma

      Practice after touching to reduce contamination by washing the eyes with water flowing from the head of the eye to the tail with clean water, washing hands, showering, washing hair and changing clothes immediately. Keep clothing sealed in a sealed bag to check for radioactive contamination. Monitor health and control the spread of radioactivity. Do not touch objects of any kind, do not smoke, do not eat and drink, and do not touch the area outside the designated area by the staff. ENG.png

Follow Our Social Network

iConsFacebook.png iConsInstagram.png iConsLine.png iConsTwitter.png iConsYouTube.png iConsTikTok.png